connected China, PRC | Melbourne City Travel Vaccine Clinic

China, PRC

Pandemic Influenza

Influenza is a common infection in travellers. All travellers should be immunised against influenza provided there are no contra-indications. Please check prescribing guidelines.


Measles

Many measles outbreaks occur when travellers become infected while overseas and then spread the virus when they return to Australia. Travellers should know their measles immune-status. Unless there is a history of confirmed measles in the past, or documentary evidence of two measles vaccinations, then measles vaccination is recommended for all travellers, providing there are no contra-indications to having the vaccine.


Hepatitis A

Vaccination recommended for protection against disease.


Hepatitis B

Concerning hepatitis B vaccination: even if it is not included in the country recommendation below, certain activities (e.g. sexual contact, some sporting activities, tattoos, skin piercing, health care work and others) may place the traveller at risk of hepatitis B irrespective of the prevalence of hepatitis B in the countries to be visited, so an individual assessment of risk for all travellers should be undertaken.


Polio

Travellers to this country (Xinjiang Province only) should be fully immunised against polio and also receive a polio vaccine (IPV) booster if none given within the previous 10 years. Also see Polio Fact Sheet.


Typhoid

Vaccination recommended for protection against disease.


Japanese Encephalitis

Is seasonal.


Malaria

Chloroquine & Antifolate (eg Paludrine, Fansidar) resistant malaria.
Short stay prophylaxis - Doxycycline 100mg daily OR Mefloquine (Lariam) 250mg weekly OR Malarone 1 tablet daily.




Malaria is present but only in certain rural areas below 1,500m with the highest risk being in rural areas in the southern provinces of Hainan and (more so) in Yunnan. Travellers to these areas should take antimalarial drugs for prevention of malaria with either mefloquine, doxycycline or Malarone being suitable. Malaria risk in the large towns and cities of these areas is generally low such that antimosquito measures alone may be adequate protection but only if travellers do not go outside such city areas. If in doubt, take one of the antimalarials mentioned below. For other areas of China, malaria risk is mostly only for the benign (mostly P.vivax) form of malaria in rural areas in other southern and some central provinces, including Anhui, Ghuizhou, Henan, Hubei and Jiangsu. For these areas, Chloroquine or Hydroxychloroquine (2 tablets weekly) may be adequate for prevention of malaria in these areas, but anti-mosquito measures alone may be used instead. For the main tourist areas (including the Yangtse river cruises) risk of malaria is so low that antimalarial drugs for prevention of malaria are not recommended. Instead, anti-mosquito measures alone are strongly recommended for malaria prevention.