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Pandemic Influenza

Influenza is a common infection in travellers. All travellers should be immunised against influenza provided there are no contra-indications. Please check prescribing guidelines.


Measles

Many measles outbreaks occur when travellers become infected while overseas and then spread the virus when they return to Australia. Travellers should know their measles immune-status. Unless there is a history of confirmed measles in the past, or documentary evidence of two measles vaccinations, then measles vaccination is recommended for all travellers, providing there are no contra-indications to having the vaccine.


Hepatitis A

Vaccination recommended for protection against disease.


Hepatitis B

Concerning hepatitis B vaccination: even if it is not included in the country recommendation below, certain activities (e.g. sexual contact, some sporting activities, tattoos, skin piercing, health care work and others) may place the traveller at risk of hepatitis B irrespective of the prevalence of hepatitis B in the countries to be visited, so an individual assessment of risk for all travellers should be undertaken.


Typhoid

Vaccination recommended for protection against disease.


Yellow Fever

Yellow Fever risk only occurs in PARTS of this country (see below). NOTE: Australian authorities only require a valid yellow fever vaccination certificate from travellers over 1 year of age within 6 days of returning from this country, having stayed overnight or longer in areas of risk for yellow fever transmission. For Argentina, risk areas are taken to be limited to Misiones province in Argentina.




SIGNIFICANT RISK AREAS
Yellow Fever Risk occurs in this country but significant risk is generally restricted to the following regions only: northern and north-eastern forested areas of Argentina bordering Brazil and Paraguay where altitudes are below 2300 metres. Travellers to the following provinces should be vaccinated: Misiones and Corrientes. Vaccination is also recommended for travellers visiting Iguazu Falls. Significant Yellow Fever Risk occurs in the above areas & vaccination is recommended for all travellers to these areas aged 9 months and over unless there is a contraindication to having the yellow fever vaccine.

LOWER RISK AREAS
Yellow Fever Risk is generally so low in the following areas that yellow fever vaccination is not generally recommended, but may be required for certain individuals in whom risk of yellow fever infection may justify vaccination (eg long term travel and exposure to mosquitoes in these areas). For such individuals, one should balance the risk of yellow fever against the risks of serious adverse effects from the yellow fever vaccination: Travel that is limited to the designated departments in the following provinces, where altitudes are below 2300m - Formosa (all departments), Chaco (Bermejo) Jujuy (Ledesma, San Pedro, Santa Barbara, Valle Grande), and Salta (Anta, General Jose de San Martin, Oran, Rivadavia).

MINIMAL or NIL RISK AREAS
Yellow fever vaccination is NOT recommended for travel limited to areas at altitudes above 2300m and all provinces and departments not listed above.

CONTRA-INDICATIONS to YELLOW FEVER VACCINE
For travellers aged less than 9 months and other persons who are unable to have the yellow fever vaccine, specialist advice should be sought because travel to areas, where yellow fever vaccination is recommended, is not advised for unvaccinated travellers. See website or Short Travel Guide 'Yellow Fever' for Yellow Fever Vaccination and Risk Assessment.